Morning sickness is also known as nausea/vomiting during Pregnancy (NVP). About 80% of all the pregnant women are affected with this condition. The woman feels nausea and most of the time vomits and some tiredness along with it. In this article, you are going to get complete information about morning sickness or nausea in pregnancy. Why morning sickness is there for pregnant ladies, and how to treat it or how to reduce its symptoms. You will get all related information in this article so keep reading.
Morning sickness or Nausea is a common condition affecting up to 85% of pregnant women. Morning sickness in women is nausea or nausea of pregnancy, vomiting that can occur at any time of the day during pregnancy.
The exact cause of pregnancy nausea is not known. They can be caused by hormonal changes or by low blood sugar levels early in pregnancy. Emotional stress, travel or some food can make the problem worse. Nausea during pregnancy is more common and can be worse with twins or triplets. However, this is not always found in women suffering from morning sickness.
If you have drunk too much alcohol, the next day you suffer from a so-called hangover. This hangover is often accompanied by nausea and headaches, where you also have to vomit regularly. Also, you can also become sick at the moment of drinking too much alcohol and not the day after. In this case, you must have swallowed a lot of alcohol, causing your body to reject this alcohol.
Hormonal changes can also be a possible cause of nausea. Here pregnant women can mainly talk about, who suffer from morning sickness and vomiting due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Even when you are menstruating, you can become nauseous due to the hormonal changes in your body.
Can you not be good at driving, travelling with an aeroplane or travelling on a boat? Then you speak of motion sickness or seasickness, where nausea is caused by travelling by car, plane or boat. Vomiting can accompany this.
If you have to deal with sudden stress or anxiety, symptoms of nausea may also arise. This can make you feel nauseous during a vital exam or when speaking publicly due to the pressure that comes with this.
Disorders and diseases can also be the cause of nausea. You can think of flu, diaphragm rupture, stomach diseases (heartburn, stomach inflammation and stomach ulcer), bowel disease (intestinal inflammation, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), food poisoning, cancer, intolerance to certain medications and biliary disorders.
Many causes can cause nausea. Think of disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, balance organ, central nervous system. But nausea can also be caused by psychological complaints or as a result of other claims, including pregnancy.
The side effect of medical treatment such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
At the beginning of the pregnancy, the fertilised oocyte and the placenta produce large amounts of HCG (Human Chorion Gonadotrophin). This hormone plays a role in the development of nausea. HCG is necessary to prepare the uterus for receiving a fertilised egg. Women who are pregnant with twins have more HCG in their blood. With them, vomiting and nausea also occur more often. After three months, production of HCG decreases sharply. The hormone HCG is not the only cause of nausea.
This nausea frequently begins during the first month of pregnancy and continue throughout weeks 14 to 16 (third or fourth month). Some women experience nausea and vomiting throughout pregnancy.
Morning sickness with twins cause of more back pain, sleeping difficulties, and heartburn than moms who are carrying one child.
Morning sickness is sometimes a bit difficult to describe, but with most people, there are the following symptoms:
Worldwide, millions of people experience a period of diarrhea every year. Diarrhea is thin, unformed stools that can occur up to 20 times a day. In diarrhea, you often cannot stop the seats correctly.
Acute diarrhea is mainly caused by:
Diarrhea can occur through contact with faeces or eat contaminated food. Usually, this goes along with nausea and vomiting and is called food poisoning. The cause is typically contamination with bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Shigella and Yersinia species. Campylobacter is found in children in 6% of cases. The source of infection is often chicken meat. If you ate something that was contaminated before lunch, you have stomach complaints the same evening. In acute diarrhea, complaints usually occur within eight hours of infection. They are often very severe: malaise, vomiting, headache, and diarrhea. Charges go over after a few days, but people should not think too lightly about this. In some cases, intestinal complaints are maintained after an acute attack of diarrhea. The inflammation can become chronic because the bacteria do not disappear by themselves, while the infections and the bacteria have long since gone. This is called a post-infectious syndrome. A syndrome that develops after inflammation manifests itself in abdominal cramps, flatulence, a bloated stomach or diarrhea. All complaints that can be annoyed for years.
Abdominal flu is common and is caused by infectious viruses. It often goes along with sudden diarrhea and vomiting. In severe diarrhea, dehydration can occur, especially in small children and the elderly.
The most common gastrointestinal viruses are:
This is the most basic cause of (severe) acute diarrhea and is transmitted through the stool of an infected person. Young children in particular often contract this virus. One study showed that of the 1638 children admitted to hospital with severe diarrhea, 37% were positive for the rotavirus. It is certainly to be expected that children will become ill several times in childcare every year.
This virus is common in children and the elderly. Most norovirus infections are mild.
These cause acute diarrhea complaints and mainly infect young children. A large number of children who go to day centres are infected there. In most cases, no research takes place, as the complaints will disappear in the short term.
Overweight is defined as too high a body weight due to an increase in the body fat content. Excess weight manifests itself in a visible increase in abdominal fat. The weight can be expressed in Body Mass Index, abbreviated BMI. BMI = body weight: (body length x body length). In the case of overweight, the BMI is 25 kg / m2 or higher. In case of obesity, seriously overweight, the BMI is 30 kg / m2 or higher. Officially, 55% of women over the 50 years are overweight in the Netherlands. In men, this is 64%.
Determination of the fat percentage
The abdominal fat is not only visible from the outside, but is mainly located around the intestine, inside the body. There are several ways to measure the fat percentage:
The most commonly used formula to test overweight is BMI, expressed in kg / m2
.With a length of 1.75 cm and a weight of 75 kg: (1.75) 2 the BMI is 75: 3.06 = 24.5. However, BMI calculation is misleading because it does not differentiate between muscle and fat weight. The ideal weight of this person is 65 kg. In fact, in this case, a BMI of 24.5 corresponds to an overweight of more than 10 kilograms unless you are a bodybuilder and do not have belly fat at all.
Measuring the fat percentage has higher reliability and a better measure of the actual fat content in the ratio between the hip circumference and the waist. For women, the circumference of the waist is divided by hip size, with a standard weight this is less than 0.75. Super slim is 0.7. In men, the ratio is 0.85
Depression is a desire disorder that manifests itself in a persistent sense of sadness and loss. These feelings can be of a temporary nature due to a particular event or persistent. Older people and people with chronic illnesses are more often depressed. A major depressive disorder was previously referred to as clinical depression. The emotions that accompany depression have an impact on the body, but conversely, physical diseases and nutritional deficiencies have a significant effect on the brain. Below, only the points that relate to mood changes, the intestinal wall, intestinal flora and nutrition are discussed.
Gastrointestinal disorders can cause depression. Also, certain foods, a lack of nutrients and bad digestion play a role in the emotions. You will read below 14 essential topics concerning the relationship between the gut and depression:
The intestinal wall and also the intestinal bacteria produce large amounts of brain hormones, neuropeptides. The gut contains cells (enterochromophilic cells) that produce tryptophan, a precursor of serotonin and melatonin; 90 to 95% of the serotonin is formed in the intestine. Serotonin is a hormone that has to do with satisfaction and also stimulates the intestine to move. Serotonin has to do with moods, eating, sleeping, sexual behaviour and the daily rhythm. A deficit causes depression and a feeling of sadness. Intestinal complaints can cause depression.
The bacteria in the intestine protect people against diseases of prosperity, obesity, inflammatory reactions, depression and cancer. A decrease in bacteria numbers plays an important role in these diseases.
It has been documented that 80% of people with intestinal diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease have mental problems. They suffer from depression, panic attacks or other mental problems. There is often a lack of clarity, mental fatigue or a feeling as if the head is filled with cotton wool.
A lack of sleep can occur through red wine or chocolate with histamine sensitivity. Intestinal complaints and heartburn can disturb sleep.
Neurological complaints often accompany celiac disease. Nerve pain (neuropathy) is second in celiac disease. In celiac disease, dyslexia, learning disabilities, ADHD, migraine or headaches, memory loss and dementia are more common. There is also a decrease in iron, minerals and vitamins.
Due to a shortage of intrinsic factor, made by the stomach wall or a decreased food intake, a lack of vitamin B12 occurs. Older people may have low values causing neurological complaints, depression and reduced memory.
When no oily fish or oily fish oil is used, an omega-3 fatty acid deficiency arises. Alzheimer's, dementia and depression are related to this. Fatty fish contains vitamins A and D and minerals such as selenium, calcium, iodine, magnesium, copper and zinc. Also for the unborn child, these substances are essential for the brain, immune system and bone density.
High insulin levels and diabetes are a significant cause of depression. Schizophrenia and depression are 3 to 4 times more common in diabetic patients. A too high glucose supply can damage the brain cells.
A hunger feeling can cause a sad feeling through the bowel brain signals.
Eating fat and sweet food increases the level of dopamine, which temporarily results in a feeling of satisfaction. At the same time, consuming sausages, meat products, high-fat foods and biscuits via hormones will cause depressive feelings.
Ghrelin and cannabinoid receptors play a role in eating. A disturbance of leptin, adiponectin and ghrelin can cause depression.
The intestinal wall can be damaged by harmful substances or a shortage of protected substances. As a result, the regulation of the openings in the intestinal wall (the Tight Junctions) does not work well. There is an increased permeability, a leaking intestine.
If you can only produce stool once or twice a week, you speak of obstruction (constipation). Often there is pressure but the stool does not come and that gives a feeling in the stomach. In the Netherlands, about two million people suffer from constipation. Some people have been clogged since childhood, with others it occurs at a later age, for example after an infection. In women, this condition occurs twice as often as in men.
When constipated, the stool can be dry, hard or pectoral. One must press, there is no pressure, or the feeling does not yet exist. There may be decreased appetite, bloating, abdominal pain, loss of stool or haemorrhoids. Often laxatives are used by people with constipation, but that does not always work.
A delayed passage can cause constipation. This happens when the stool is held up too long, for example in professions such as drivers and teachers. Anxiety for pain in case of tears in the anus or haemorrhoids can also lead to too long cessation of stool.
However, constipation can also be caused by an underlying illness. That is why it is essential to have research take place. Possible causes are:
All people with intestinal complaints, one quarter suffer from constipation. Adults and also children who are overweight suffer from this twice as often. Constipation is one of the most common complaints in overweight and diabetes. The emptying of the intestine takes twice as long as neurological disorders of the intestine play a role. It shows that many overweight people produce four times as much methane. The gases can cause flatulence and regurgitation. The methane content can be measured via the breath. The bacterial strain Methanobrevibacter produces methane gas that has a delaying effect on intestinal passage. The problems increase with age.At around the age of 80, over 70 percent have a very slow bowel function
Digestion is the processing of food involving many steps. The breakdown starts in the mouth with chewing and mixing with saliva. The stomach, bile and pancreas enzymes and the intestinal flora each play a specific role in the processing of highly digestible food. Non-digestible food, such as fibres, is broken down by bacteria in the large intestine. When the processing is disturbed the body gives a signal, this can be in the form of heartburn, constipation or abdominal pain. Likewise, poor digestion can affect health.
The digestive tract is an organ that starts in the mouth and ends with the anus:
1) The Mouth
The digestion of our food already begins in the mouth. The food is chewed and mixed with saliva rich in amylase, an enzyme that breaks down starch. The tongue plays a significant role in our lives because it contains taste buds. Pleasant flavours give us pleasure and make you have preferences for food. The taste buds also play a role in addiction; especially the combination of starch (or sugar), salt and fat have an addictive effect.
2) The stomach
Through the mouth, the brain receives signals that are transmitted to the stomach, which triggers the production of the stomach acid. Gastrin is the hormone that stimulates stomach acid secretion and the growth of the mucous membrane of the stomach. Gastrin also stimulates the excretion of histamine. See reflux.
3) Small intestine
The digestible food is broken down into molecules and taken up by the wall of the small intestine. The intestinal wall absorbs the released glucose molecules and enters the blood, where they are referred to as blood sugars. Some of the glucose molecules are converted into fat to prevent the blood sugars from rising too much. The fats end up in the fat cell and the liver.
4) Bile and pancreatic enzymes
When the food slurry in the stomach is acidic enough, hormones cause the gallbladder and pancreas to be triggered into action. The gallbladder squeezes together, so that bile is released that mixes with the fats from the diet. The pancreas is stimulated to release digestive enzymes, proteins, starch and fats are broken down. Amylase formed by the pancreas helps to break down the starch further.
Morning sickness expresses a feeling of being in the stomach area; sometimes you get water in the mouth or the sense that you have to vomit and you can start sweating. Vomiting sometimes accompanies nausea. When vomiting, the stomach muscles contract and the stomach contents rise and then come out through the mouth. With an empty stomach, not much comes out, sometimes mucus or bile. The vomiting centre controls the vomiting in the brainstem. Acute nausea is often short-lived. Nausea complaints can persist throughout the day, when it stays for weeks, we speak of chronic nausea.
Hair loss is an increase in the loss of scalp hair, whether or not combined with a deviation of the hair follicles. There may also be the loss of body hair. There are various forms of hair loss: diffuse scalp hair loss or bald plucking. Diffuse hair loss is called Alopecia Difussa. This is when there is thinning hair all over the head. Spot-like hair loss is called Alopecia Areata. This is described as permanent hair loss.
Anal itching is tickling on or around the sphincter of the gut, the anus. It is also called peri-anal itching or pruritus. It can cause irritation and sleepless nights. Men, women and children can suffer from this.
When there is some acid in the mouth or the esophagus from the stomach is called that a reflation or heartburn. Heartburn is an irritation of the throat and is caused by stomach acid. It can cause burning pain in the upper abdomen or just below the breastbone. When this often occurs, one must think of an underlying disorder.
Mucus in the stool comes from the mucous membrane of the intestines. The mucus can be on the outside of the stool or mixed. An increase in mucus formation of the intestine indicates inflammation or irritation. Bloody mucus indicates an inflammation. Under normal circumstances, the stool is well formed and does not contain visible mucus.
You should contact your doctor in the following situations:
Morning sickness can have various causes. When you go to your doctor for an extended period of sickness, it will first try to find a cause. Targeted medication can then be given.
Some medications given below reduce your nausea and stop vomiting:
Note: Use these medicines on your doctor advice.
You can do something about your nausea yourself by:
When your nausea is caused by eating or drinking something wrong, vomiting is the best remedy. This way the wrong substances quickly disappear from your body. If your body gives a reflex to vomiting, do not try to stop it.
There is also some stuff you can do to combat morning sickness:
Are you nauseous in the last months of your pregnancy? Then the uterus presses against your stomach: eat small portions to stop nausea.
Note: Experimenting with natural products during pregnancy is not recommended, contact your doctor, midwife or pharmacist for advice.
At first, it is essential to drink enough. Mint tea and ginger can help. Avoid strong odours, perfume, smoke, stuffy rooms, heat and humidity if you experience nausea. Use broth and easily digestible food and avoid fatty and spicy food. Diagnostics are essential; the cause must be identified so that targeted treatment can be provided.
when do you run a higher risk of morning sickness?
Morning sickness and vomiting are more common in larger placentas such as in a twin pregnancy. In some cases, a stomach inflammation can be the cause. Psychological factors such as stress and a perhaps unconsciously different attitude towards pregnancy and motherhood may also play a role for some. Were you sick before your pregnancy when taking the pill, you are easily car sick, or you have regular migraines, then you also run a higher risk of morning sickness. Also, a certain family factor plays a role. It is often said that morning sickness with a second or third baby is worse and lasts longer than with a first pregnancy. Studies on that confirm that. Of the 50,000 women surveyed, a quarter indicated that nausea and vomiting were less severe, a quarter that it was comparable and the remaining half that morning sickness was stronger. A possible explanation may be that a second child is heavier on average, and therefore also has a larger and better functioning placenta or placenta. And the better the placenta, the more hormones released in the beginning.
There are not only some things you can do to prevent morning sickness, but there are also tips you can consult to reduce nausea. The most important tips that you can use to reduce existing nausea are the following.
Gently rise from bed if you are nauseous in the morning. Do not jump straight out of bed, because this can make you even more nauseous. If you do not have time to take it easy in the morning, it is advisable to set your alarm clock a little quicker and give yourself the time to take it easy.
Drink broth, because this drink can sometimes remove nasal nausea. Unfortunately, it does not always help, but it is worth a try.
Try to keep breathing quietly.
There are several tips that you can consult to avoid getting sick in the morning. The most important tips you can use to prevent morning sickness are the following:
Note: You can never completely prevent morning sickness, but you can reduce nausea by consulting the tips above.